Which stream of engineering is in demand?
India is the largest producers of engineers as approximately 85% of 16-18-year-old youth show interest in the field. In 1847, first engineering college was established in Uttar Pradesh, India called Thomason College for the training of Civil Engineers which later become IIT Roorkee (Indian Institute of Technology). With the change in time and development of new technology, Engineering Stream is growing and is being diversified with time. In the current scenario, a student who wants to pursue his/her career in the field of engineering has various options available. Engineering subject is so vast that students sometimes get confused when they have to choose an apt stream. Choice of career plays an important role in impacting your life and shaping your career. Most of the students find it difficult to gather right information and guidance that can help in selecting a right career path for better future. Reviewadda.com has assembled some information that can help you in understanding the various engineering streams in detail for your better future.
List of top engineering subjects as per the preferences of students in India
|S.No||Engineering subjects||Students intake for 2015-16 (Descending order)|
Let us know more about the top engineering streams in detail to understand the field and its future scope:
1. Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering is defined as the discipline to apply the principles of engineering, physics and materials science for the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is also one of the oldest branch of engineering that involves designing, development, production and use of mechanical tools to solve mechanical issues.Mechanical Engineering graduated students get chance to work in thermal power industry, gas turbines industry, air conditioning and refrigeration industry, oil and gas exploration and refining industries, agricultural sector, educational sector, aviation companies, shipping industries, aerospace industry, armed forces, pharmaceutical, automobile industry, etc.With the call of Make in India, traditional boundaries of the stream is expanding to new areas such as nanotechnology, development of composite materials, biomedical applications, and environmental conservation to empower India. This stream of engineering is the most sought branch preferred by students for admission across India in the recent years.
2. Computer Science/IT
Over the years, number of online consumers in India has increased so much that even for basic simple tasks like shopping, ticket booking for travelling etc. we are dependent on online platforms making it omnipresent in our lives. Computer Science is the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to information. As a student of Computer Science Engineering you are supposed to study the algorithms, programming languages, operating systems, database management systems, computer network, computer graphics and artificial intelligence. TCS, Infosys, Wipro, etc. are one of the Top IT Companies with higher salary provider. Their main job is to develop software and hardware systems of various aspects of computing. You can also aim to develop games like Angry Birds which is one of the most popular biggest revenue generator game, a student with the interest in sketching and drawing can opt for animation art and cartoons designing and one of the most important domain is of cyber security or ethical hacking. Demand for Computer Science Engineers will remain in constant demand as long as dependence on computer and related gadgets will exist.
3. Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering is second oldest professional engineering stream that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physically and naturally built environment, including road, building, canal, bridge, canal and dam works. As India is the developing country it welcomes innovative and cost effective ideas, creating more career and job opportunities in private as well as in public sector. You need to have good knowledge of mathematics and science where you have to plan out, design and supervise the construction of different types of buildings.It is the only stream of engineering that can provide you with army uniform and a chance to serve the nation proudly. Indian civil engineering graduates are highly demanded in Asia, Africa and Middle-East countries especially IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) passed out. Construction, Hydraulic, Coastal and Ocean, Transportation, Material, Structural, Urban, etc. are one of the important branches of Civil Engineering that you can consider for job. Civil Engineering plays an important role civilization, urbanization and modern nation in terms of infrastructural framework.
Electronics and Communications
Electronics and Communications Engineering is the utilization of science and math applied to practical in communications field where engineers engage in researching, designing, developing, and testing of the electronic equipment used in various communications systems. Due to the electrical engineers we are able to communicate and make our life easier via various communication devices such as telephone, television and radio.Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL),Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), Intel, etc. are among the top Electronics and Communications Company in India. System engineers, research engineers, controls engineers, communication engineers and electronic engineers, as well as researchers and university professors are few career option available for Electronics and Communications graduate.
Can you imagine your life without electricity? In current scenario the whole nation could stumble in the absence of power as in modern days electricity is required everywhere, from agriculture to gigantic rocket manufacturing. Electrical Engineering is defined as the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Now a days, the field is divided into various category like including electronics, digital computers, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics. It is one of the evergreen field of engineering where you can get job in steel factories, the railways, at construction sites or handle automated systems in which electricity supply and distribution plays a crucial role. Bajaj International Private Ltd., Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) and Centre for Electronics Design and Technology are one of Top Recruiters of Electrical Engineering graduates in India.
Chemical Engineering is defined as the applied physical science and life sciences together with applied mathematics and economics to produce, transform, transport and properly use chemicals, materials and energy. It follows a procedure to produce or convert raw materials and chemicals into some valuable forms. From the production of drugs to garments, food, healthcare products, genes, etc. chemical engineering is somehow connected with our lives in many ways that aims at improving the quality of life. After completing the Chemical Engineering course, graduates can get job as Nuclear, Biomedical, Architectural and Engineering manager, chemical technicians, Chemist and Material scientists and Occupational health and safety specialists.
Textile manufacturing is one of the major industry based on conversion of fiber into yarn and yarn into fabric that are then dyed or printed and fabricated into clothes that we wear. Each country has it diverse culture and tradition through which their style of clothing is inspired and with time textile industry is growing. People are now being much fashion conscious which directly is affecting the textile industry globally resulting into improved scope for Textile Engineering graduates. Textile Engineering is about designing and controlling the aspects of fiber, textile and apparel processes, products and machinery with research, development, manufacturing and merchandising related to textile industry. In India there are two types of textile sector: Handloom and merchandised sector. A textile engineer also work as a quality control manager who ensures the superior quality of the product. The scope and growth in this field can never obsolete as the demand of improved and unique quality of fabric has increased.
Aerospace Engineering is the primary field of engineering that deals with the design, construction and development of the aircraftand spacecraft operating. There are basically two major branches in this field: Aeronautical (craft operating in outer space) and Astronomicalengineering(operation beyond atmosphere of Earth) where Aerospace engineers primarily design aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles, space shuttles, rockets and space station. It is one of the most challenging field of engineering that is concerned with the development of new technology in the field of aviation, space, and defense systems. Aerospace Engineering graduates have wide scope in the field of Aircraft manufacturing, defense services, government research organizations, equipment used by space scientists and skydiving manufacturing, etc. If you aim to get into NASA, you have to take master degree with PhD in this field.
Any Technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms to make or modify products for a specific use is known as Biotechnology. The combination of engineering, chemistry, genetics, biochemistry and microbiology is Biotechnology engineering. Invention of Antibiotics is the result of biotechnology and apart from that it is also used in the field of animal husbandry, agriculture, energy production and conservation, pollution control, disease research, eco-conservation, and research and development of medicines, vaccines, fertilizers and insecticides. Healthcare, Chemical, Agriculture, Food Processing and Technology and Research sector have ample amount of job for Biotech Engineering graduates. Many private businesses are exploring in the field of Biotech by investing heavily in it. In India Biotechnology has benefitted agriculture a lot resulting in the second green revolution. As a biotechnologist, you are required to find genes, transform tissue culture, evaluate the condition of plants in a greenhouse, etc.
The study of physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements and their intermetallic compounds and their mixtures under material science and engineering domain is known as metallurgical engineering.First metal invented was iron with which Iron Age started in about 1200 BC. Hittites invented the process of extraction of iron from its ore into a workable metal.Metallurgical engineering is divided into three categories-Physical, Extractive and Mineral processing. In Physical Metallurgy you will be need to develop required different types of metallic alloys for manufacturing and construction whereas Extractive Metallurgy you are required to extract metal from its ore and the technology of processing mineral products after its extraction from earth is known as Mineral Processing.To pursue career in this field you are required to have problem-solving and analytical skills to understand the properties and best uses of metals, practical and technical skills for metal failure investigation, reporting writing skills, etc.Tata Steel, Steel Authority of India (SAIL) and Hindustan Copper Limited are one of the major metal extractors and recruiters of Metallurgical Engineers in India.