Career in Biotechnology after 12th- Colleges, Courses Scope & Salary

Career in Biotechnology after 12th

Topic We Cover: Career in Biotechnology after 12th

1. An introduction - Biotechnology
2. What does a Bio Technologist do?
3. Academic programs in Biotechnology Colleges:

  • B.Sc in Biotechnology
  • B.Tech in Biotechnology

4. How to become a Biotechnologist
5. Top Biotechnology Colleges in India
6. Career Prospects in Biotechnology

8. Top Recruiters

9. Salary Packages

An introduction - Biotechnology

What is Biotechnology Course is all about – When most of the students with medical background (PCB Physics Chemistry Biology) think about their Career Course after class XII they either think of a doctor or a pharmacist. But luckily the scope of this stream is more than just medical science. The Course of Biotechnology offers very interesting and Advantageous Career Opportunities to students. It offers a various outlook of science. In India, the Sector of Biotechnology is developing at a steady pace. Presently, from all parts of the nation thousands of aspirants are opting for the Biotechnology Engineering Field as their career. There are many Courses in Biotechnology that allows the students to make a career in this field. In this article, we will try to understand you about Major Biotechnology Courses and the dept. of biotechnology which is well-known among students.

Basically, biotechnology is the amalgamation of biology and technology. Both aspects work together to aid mankind. It can be defined as the use of biomolecular processes or living organisms which help us to boost our life. Biotechnology stands on the basis of the approach that all living organisms have one thing in common i.e DNA. According to human requirements it is the modification of cell structures so that they can be used for product development and research work. It mixes together the idea of animal, human and plant genetics and cellular and molecular biology. Since ancient times we have been using biotechnology to enhance the quality of human life in various fields such as agriculture, medicine, and food production. The Applications of Biotechnology have in numerous fields like the growth of vaccines, pollution control, curing diseases, animal husbandry, energy conservation, and production, etc. Advanced Biotechnology Applications also include genetic engineering.

What does a Bio Technologist do?

A biotechnologist is a trained professional who has thorough knowledge about different living structures and uses it in various fields like agriculture, manufacturing, medical, food, etc. A biotechnologist can perform a number of duties and responsibilities. Tasks of a skilled and Trained Biotechnologist may differ rely upon the industry they are a part of. Most of the Bio Technologists may work in labs. Their job may include writing records, doing research work, assisting lab technicians, analyzing results, etc. They also set up the instruments used for different experiments and handle them.

Across various fields the Scope of Biotechnology spreads and since everyone cannot do everything, a biotechnologist chooses his/her particular area of specialization. One may indulge in the processing of food and household products. They also make many preservatives and additives which are found in preserved food items. For the production of various food items biotechnologists are responsible such as soya bean and yeast.

In the Medical field a Biotechnologist plays an essential role as well. They research to find a cure for various diseases. They also work on developing various drugs and the treatments they are used for.

In the field of Agriculture a Bio Technologist who trained may be involved in the research of plant and animal. Their job is to research various pesticides and their effect on our environment and crops and to develop their possible choices. They also use genetic engg. to make hybrid vegetables and fruits.

Biotechnologists not only work on Research and production but they can work as an investigator in numerous companies to make sure the complete process is being done safely and health standards are being maintained. To lead or manage research teams and various projects Sr. professionals can be involved.

Academic programs in Biotechnology Colleges:

B.Sc in Biotechnology

B.Sc in Biotechnology is an Undergraduate Degree Program. Its duration is 3 years which includes 6 semesters. This course consists of subjects such as Biology, Physics, Maths, and Chemistry. The course focuses on a thorough understanding of numerous biological processes at the organism and cellular level. Students are given both theory and practical sessions. Some of the subjects which are taught in this course are

  • Microbiology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Biomolecules
  • Antigens and Antibodies
  • Biotechnology Medical
  • Sterilization
  • Recombination
  • Microbiology of soil
  • Phosphorylation
  • Co enzymes
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Genetic Mapping
  • Fermentation
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biofertilizer and Biopesticide

B.Tech in Biotechnology

It is a four-year bachelor's degree UG Program in biotechnology. It is an Engineering Program. Just like any other stream of engineering the course duration is 4 years, divided into 8 semesters. Each semester is about 6 months long. Along with Internship Programs both theory and practical sessions are made known to students. Subjects which comes under this course may include

  • Nano Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Metabolic Engineering
  • Principles of Chemical Processes
  • Microbiology and Immunology
  • Genetics and Genetic Engineering
  • Genomics and Proteomics
  • Enzyme Engineering and Technology
  • Process Control

To apply for an undergraduate degree in Biotechnology (Bsc and B.Tech) the required eligibility criteria are given below:

To apply for BSc in Biotechnology and B.Tech in Biotechnology the basic eligibility criteria remain the same. A student must have passed his/her class XII examinations from a recognized national or state-level board of education with science stream. Students with both and PCM can able to Apply for the course.

Along with this it is compulsory to pass Various Entrance Exams held by different colleges who give admission strictly on the basis of merit scored in these tests.

Courses in Biotechnology after 12th

In India as well as abroad aspirants who are willing in the Field of Biotechnology can find a variety of UG courses both. Those who have passed XII class studies with science as the main subject can apply for courses like B. Sc. in Medical Biotechnology, Bachelor of Engg. in Biotechnology, and B.Tech in Biotechnology. B. Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology, Bachelor's Degree in Resource Biotechnology, Bachelor of  Biomedicine (Biotechnology), and Biochemistry, etc are some of the courses in Biotechnology available abroad.  Apart from these short term courses like Diploma in Biotechnology, Certificate in Biotechnology and Plant Tissue Culture, and Certificate in Food Biotechnology is also available.

Biotechnology Courses in India after 12th

  • Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Advanced Zoology & Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Applied Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotech.
  • Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Zoology and Animal Biotech.
  • B.Sc. + M.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Industrial Microbiology
  • B.Tech. in Molecular & Cellular Engg.
  • B.Tech. + M.Tech. (Biotechnology)
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology
  • Advanced Diploma Course in Biotechnology
  • Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering
  • Certificate Course in Biotechnology
  • Certificate Course in Advanced Biotechnology
  • Certificate in Biotechnology and Plant Tissue Culture
  • Post M.D. Certificate Course in Biotechnology

Biotechnology Courses Abroad after 12th

  • B.Sc. (Hons) in Biotech. (Applied Molecular Biology)
  • Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Medical Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Applied Science (Biotechnology)
  • Bachelor Degree in Resource Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Biotechnology and Innovation
  • BAppSc. Majoring in Molecular  Biotech.
  • B.Sc. Majoring in Plant Biotech.
  • B.Sc. in Chemical Engg. with Biotech.  Specialization
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine (Biotechnology)
  • B.Sc. in Biological Engg. – Biotech. Engg.  Concentration
  • Bachelor of Medical Science (Biotechnology)
  • Bachelor of Biomolecular Science - Environmental Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Agricultural Biotech. and Biochem.
  • Bappa and Sc. in Biotech.
  • B. App. Sc. with Islamic Studies (Biotech.)
  • Diploma of Laboratory Technology (Biotechnology)
  • Graduate Diploma in Technology
  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • Diploma in Molecular Biotechnology
  • Certificate in Food Biotechnology
  • Dip. of Health Sc. in Molecular Genetics and Biotech.

In most of the courses admission will be based on the marks get in XII class examination. Details related to the admission can be collected from the web portal of the Univ. that offers a particular course.

How to become a Biotechnologist

STEP 1– Need to take science stream in high school.

The willing one needs to choose the science stream in their IX class because students with a science stream can only apply for this course. Students can select either PCM or PCB as their subjects.

STEP 2– Give entrance exams.

One must give national and state level entrance exams held for admission in various Biotechnology courses in order to get yourself eligible for admission in various colleges.

STEP 3– Earn a Bachelor’s degree whether it is B.Sc. or B.Tech in Biotechnology or any other course in this field from a reputed college.

STEP 4– Earn internships through college.

STEP 5– Get a job.


Entrance exams for admission in Biotechnology courses

  • A.I.I.M.S Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • J.A.M Biotech. Entrance Exam of I.I.T, Chennai
  • Goa University Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • J.N.U Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Combined Biotechnology Entrance Examination (CBEEE)
  • All India Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • GGS Indraprastha Univ. Common Entrance Test
  • Kurukshetra University Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • M.K.U (Madurai Kamaraj University) Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Central University Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Anna University Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Alagappa University M. Sc Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • B.H.U M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • H.P.U  M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • O.U (Osmania University) M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • University of Mysore M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • University of Madras M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Examination

Top Biotechnology Colleges in India

  1. Sc Biotechnology
  • A.V.C. College – Bachelor of Science in Bio-Technology
  • Bangalore City Coll.– B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • Amity Institute of Biotechnology – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Fergusson College, Pune – Bachelors of Science in Biotechnology
  • Dayanand Coll. – B.Sc. In Biotechnology
  • I.P. College – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Jodhpur National University – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Dasmesh Girls Coll. of Edu. – B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • Khalsa College Amritsar – Bachelor Of Science in Biotechnology
  • St. Mary’s Coll. for Women – B.Sc. In Bio-Technology
  • Kishan Institute Of Information Technology, Meerut
  • Vivekanand Edu. Society’s Coll. of Arts, Sc. and Comm. – B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • St. George Coll. of Mgmt., Sc. & Nursing – B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • Shyamlal Saraswati Mahavidyalaya – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • T John Coll. (TJC), Bangalore – B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • Manonmaniam Sundaranar Univ., Tirunelveli – B.Sc. In Bio-Technology
  • Madina Degree Coll. – B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • MVP Samaj’s K.T.H.M Coll. – B.Sc. in Biotechnology

B.Tech in Biotechnology

  • GGS Indraprastha University, Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati (IITG)
  • Indian Institute Of Technology, Madras
  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (IITR)
  • Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University
  • VIT University (VIT)
  • PSG College of Technology (PSGTECH)
  • Jaypee Institute of Information Technology
  • National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (NIT D)
  • Dr. B R Ambedkar National Inst. of Tech. Jalandhar (NITJ)
  • Mepco Schlenk Engineering College
  • B.S. Abdur Rahman University (BSAU)
  • National Institute of Technology, Warangal (NIT, Warangal)
  • Thapar University (TU Patiala)
  • Gandhi Inst. of Tech. and Mgmt. Univ. (GITAM University)
  • Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Madras)
  • Andhra University (AU, Visakhapatnam)
  • National Institute of Technology (NITC)
  • BMS College of Engineering (BMSCE)
  • Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT)
  • Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT)
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IITD)

Career Prospects in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is one of the most demanding field which has plenty of scope for growth and development of an individual. It is a pace developing sector and after doing this course it is not difficult to find a job. A professionals from Biotech can look job in numerous sectors such as manufacturing industries, agriculture, chemical industries, textile industry, pharmaceutical companies, food and drug industry, healthcare sector, genetic research, clinical research, etc. To Biotechnology graduates both govt. and private sector offers opportunities.

Biotechnology has various application areas. Due to this very fact, biotechnology professionals have access to a wide range of jobs from various domains! Here are few of the main recruiters –

  • Research firms
  • Pharmaceutical firms
  • Hospitals
  • Laboratories
  • Food production firms
  • Clinical research firms
  • Consultation agencies
  • Chemical manufacturers
  • Fertilizer manufacturers
  • Educational institutes

In the already entioned firms, biotechnology professionals may deal with the following roles –

  • Biotechnology engineer
  • Lab technician
  • Scientist
  • Teacher/Instructor
  • Project manager


  • Research scientist
  • Senior Research Associate
  • Quality Control Officer
  • Bioinformatics Analyst/Programmer
  • Biotechnologist
  • Manufacturing Supervisor
  • Facilities Technician
  • Lab Technician
  • Bioinformatics Scientist/Engineer
  • Quality Control (QC) Technician
  • Sales Representative
  • Molecular Modeler
  • Director of Product/Process Development
  • Environmental Health & Safety Specialist
  • Director of Quality
  • Director/Manager of Regulatory Affairs
  • Director of Project Management

 Top Recruiters

  • Hindustan Antibiotics
  • Thapar Group
  • IDPL
  • Himalaya Drug Company
  • Bharat Biotech
  • Biocon India Ltd.
  • Hindustan Lever Ltd
  • Nestle
  • SRL Ranbaxy
  • NCL
  • Praj Industries
  • NFL
  • Wockhardt
  • Panacea Biotech
  • Yashraj Biotechnology
  • Asterazeneca

Salary Packages

On the basis of the post and sector, one working in the salary may depend. Biotechnology is a highly advantageous career with no salary limits. A fresher can be looking for a salary slab between Rs. 10,000-Rs 15000 per month. Once you have acquired enough experience you can earn high salary packages up to Rs. 20,00,000 annually and even more. If one has passed a degree from one of the reputed colleges then one can start to earn in lakhs right from the beginning of their career.

In abroad for best scope and biotechnology jobs you should join these companies as they are highly renowned and have done much research in this field. The companies along with their respective location and ranking order provided by a website are as given below:

  1. Amgen - USA
  2. Genentech - USA
  3. Serono - Switzerland
  4. Biogen Idec - USA
  5. Genzyme - USA
  6. Chiron Corp. - USA
  7. Gilead Sciences - USA
  8. CSL - Australia
  9. MedImmune - USA
  10. Cephalon - USA
  11. Millennium Pharmaceuticals - USA
  12. Genencor International - USA
  13. ImClone Systems - USA
  14. Actelion - Switzerland
  15. Celgene - USA
  16. MGI Pharma - USA
  17. QLT - Canada
  18. Nabi Biopharmaceuticals - USA
  19. AEterna Zentaris - Canada
  20. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals - USA
  21. Enzon Pharmaceuticals - USA
  22. Ligand Pharmaceuticals - USA
  23. Berna Biotech - Switzerland
  24. Acambis - UK
  25. InterMune - USA
  26. Cangene - Canada
  27. Vertex Pharmaceuticals - USA
  28. Protein Design Labs - USA
  29. Innogenetics - Belgium
  30. Neurocrine Biosciences - USA
  31. Transkaryotic Therapies - USA
  32. Icos - USA
  33. United Therapeutics - USA
  34. LifeCell - USA
  35. Myriad Genetics - USA
  36. OSI Pharmaceuticals - USA
  37. Isis Pharmaceuticals - USA
  38. Bioniche Life Sciences - Canada
  39. Enzo Biochem - USA
  40. ID Biomedical - Canada
  41. Protherics - UK
  42. ViroLogic - USA
  43. ZymoGenetics - USA
  44. Peptech - Australia
  45. Antisoma - UK
  46. Carrington Laboratories - USA
  47. Cell Therapeutics - USA
  48. Cambridge Antibody Technology - UK
  49. Crucell - The Netherlands
  50. Vernalis - UK
  51. Bavarian Nordic - Denmark
  52. MorphoSys - Germany
  53. Anika Therapeutics - USA
  54. ImmunoGen - USA
  55. Corixa - USA
  56. AnGes MG - Japan
  57. SciClone Pharmaceuticals - USA
  58. Kosan Biosciences - USA
  59. ViroPharma - USA
  60. Agenix - Australia
  61. Tanox - USA
  62. CV Therapeutics - USA
  63. NeuroSearch - Denmark
  64. Indevus Pharmaceuticals - USA
  65. BioMarin Pharmaceutical - USA
  66. Dyax - USA
  67. MediGene - Germany
  68. Maxygen - USA
  69. Abgenix - USA
  70. GPC Biotech - Germany
  71. Cytogen - USA
  72. Genta - USA
  73. Vical - USA
  74. NPS Pharmaceuticals - USA
  75. ML Laboratories - UK
  76. Vitrolife - Sweden
  77. Cerus - USA
  78. Encysive Pharmaceuticals - USA
  79. Arena Pharmaceuticals - USA
  80. Medarex - USA
  81. Amrad - Australia
  82. Life Therapeutics - Australia
  83. GenVec - USA
  84. Medivir - Sweden
  85. Cell Genesys - USA
  86. Inex Pharmaceuticals - Canada
  87. Inspire Pharmaceuticals - USA
  88. Myogen - USA
  89. Targeted Genetics - USA
  90. Epimmune - USA
  91. Progenics Pharmaceuticals - USA
  92. Active Biotech - Sweden
  93. GroPep - Australia
  94. Novogen - Australia
  95. Unigene Laboratories - USA
  96. Vicuron Pharmaceuticals - USA
  97. Xenova - UK
  98. Dusa Pharmaceuticals - USA
  99. Senetek – USA
  100. Valentis - USA

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