Cool trivia about Indian universities
Universities and colleges are an integral part of our lives as it helps in building the personality of an individual as well as a nation. In modern times we cannot underestimate the importance of education in our lives as an uneducated person cannot think rationally resulting into chaos. It is education due to which we are able to think rationally eliminating superstitions. Education helps in giving wide exposure to improve knowledge, position in society, independent decision making, and healthy lifestyle. Higher Education of India is the third largest system in the world. The Ministry of Human Resource development (MHRD) supervises the functioning of all Indian Universities through its chief regulatory body called Universities Grants Commission (UGC).
To many of us, college/university is a place that is next to home and a spot where we make memorable and everlasting memories. Reviewadda.com has researched and arranged some interesting facts about Indian educational institutions that will make you say Wow:
- Largest school in the world - City Montessori School
City Montessori School (CMS) is a co-educational English medium private school founded in 1959 that offers education from pre-school up to Grade 12 in Lucknow, India. It is recognized as the largest school in terms of a number of students in the world by Guinness Book of World Records with nearly 52, 000 students enrollment in 2016. It also received UNESCO Prize for Peace Education in 2002. CMS was founded by Jagdish Gandhi and his wife Bharti only with five students in rented premises. It has now a total of 20 campuses spread all over the city of Lucknow.
- Third largest higher education system in the world
In India education is provided by the public as well as private sector with control and funding coming from central, state and local levels. Under Indian Constitution, every child of 6-14 years have a fundamental right to get a free and compulsory education. One of the fun fact about Indian higher education system is that it is third largest in the world next to the United States and China. 12 autonomous institutions established by the University Grants Commission (UGC) oversees the accreditation for higher learning. As per the statistics of the Indian HRD Ministry, there are 677 universities, 37,204 colleges and 11443 stand-alone institutions in India as of 2015.
- First and oldest university in the world - Nalanda University
First and oldest university in the world was established in Taxila aka Takshashila in between 600-500 BC with 68 subjects to study. Nalanda University was the first university in the world to have accommodation quarters for both students and teachers. Nalanda University was originally established during the Gupta Dynasty as mentioned in the writing of Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang (Hiuen-Tsang). Many Buddhist uses to teach at the university as it had a great influence of Buddhism. 11th President of India Late A. P. J. Abdul Kalam proposed the idea of reviving the first university of India in 2006 and started its first academic session on September 1, 2014, with 15 students in a temporary base in Rajgir, Bihar, India. Former Minister of Singapore, George Yeo took the charge of Nalanda University as the new Chancellor on July 6, 2015.
- Maximum reservation for minority in India - Jamia Millia Islamia
Jamia Millia Islamia, a public central university located in Delhi is the only university in India with 50% reservation for Muslim students. It was established by the nationalist Muslim leaders during the British rule at Aligarh, United Provinces, India in 1920. It isone of the finest libraries of India containing thousands of manuscripts, journals, research papers and books from many fields that was constructed by the donation of Sultan of Saudi Arabia, Zakir Husain in 2006. Students of the university are commonly known as Jamiaiites. It was founded with the purpose of keeping Muslim education in Muslim hands and entirely free from the external control.
- Largest residential university in the world by campus size - Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is one the largest residential universities in Asia with over 20, 000 students. It is a public central university established by PanditMadan Mohan Malaviya in 1916 in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The land of the main campus was built on 1,300 acres that were donated by the KashiNaresh, the hereditary ruler of Banaras. BHU has total 6 institutes with more than 132 departments and over 60 hostels. First Vice-president and second President of India, Dr. SarvepalliRadhakrishnan served as the Vice-Chancellor of BHU until January 1948.
- Largest open university in the world by students enrollment- Indira Gandhi Open University (IGNOU)
Indira Gandhi Open University (IGNOU) is a distance learning national university named after the former Prime Minister of India established in 1985 in IGNOU road, MaidanGarhi, New Delhi, India. It is the largest university in the world with over 4 million students is run by the central government of India. It also acts as the national resource center and also maintains standards of distance education India. It has a total of 21 schools with a network of 67 regional centers, 2667 study centers and 29 overseas centers in 15 countries. It offers 226 academic programs at the certificate, diploma and degree levels with 11 divisions to take care of various college activities.
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- Personal airport of the university IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) Kanpur
IIT Kanpur has its own airport called IIT Kanpur Airport aka Kalyanpur airport used by the students of Aerospace Engineering department near Kanpur, India. It is the first academic institution to have such facility. Pawan Hans Limited, a helicopter service company began its helicopter ferry service to Lucknow in June 2013. Currently, it has two flights daily to-and-fro to Lucknow airport of 25 minutes. IIT Kanpur is a public research college established in 1959 at the Agricultural Gardens in Kanpur.
- Name Game - 22 universities in the name of Gandhi in India
There are 22 universities in the name of Gandhi in India: Mahatma Gandhi - 8, Rajiv Gandhi - 8, Indira Gandhi - 5, Sanjay Gandhi - 1.
- Maximum number of universities in India - Rajasthan
According to the latest list of University Grants Commission as of 2016, India has 350 State, 123 deemed, 47 central and 239 private universities. Rajasthan has the maximum number of universities as of 05.07.2016.
- Language dedicated universities in India
There are 21 universities that are dedicated to specific languages: Sanskrit (14), Urdu (2), Hindi (2), Tamil (1), Telugu (1) and English (1).
- Only campus to have a private beach - National Institute of Technology, Karnataka
National Institute of Technology, Karnataka is probably the only college to have its own beach including a lighthouse. NIT Karnataka is a public engineering university founded in 1960 as the Karnataka Regional Engineering College (KREC) in Surathkal, Mangalore. It is a National Importance institute situated on 250-acre land by the shore of Arabian Sea.
- First agricultural university of India
G.B Pant Agricultural University is the first agricultural university of India inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru on November 17, 1960. Current vice-chancellor of the university is Dr. MangalaRai continuing from 2015. To promote agriculture education in India a contract was signed between the Government of India, the Technical Cooperation Mission and some land-grant universities of USA. It bought a revolution in the field of agricultural education, research, and extension due to which 31 other agriculture universities were set-up.
- First women college Bethune College
Bethune College is the first women college in Asia that was founded as a school earlier by John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune and then later in 1879 was developed as the college in Kolkata. It is also the first institution in Asia to be established as a secular western-style university with many courses.